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Worms in Dogs

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Worms in Dogs: Types, Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Helminthiasis or worm infestation is a fairly common problem encountered by dog owners. Heartworm treatment for dogs should be administered under the guidance of a veterinarian to effectively combat this serious and potentially life-threatening condition.  Animals can easily become infected, especially if they have a low immune system or are on a natural diet.  If you have a new puppy, it’s important to start puppy worm treatment early to protect their health as they grow. These parasites pose a danger to dogs as they can lead to various diseases, including disorders of the digestive tract, respiratory system, and cardiovascular system. Regular dog parasite treatment is crucial for maintaining the health of your furry friends and protecting them from harmful parasites. Therefore, the treatment of worms in dogs should be timely and correct. Worm treatment in dogs is essential to ensure their well-being and prevent potential health issues caused by parasitic infestations.

Types of Worms in Dogs

Different types of worms are found in dogs, including:

  • Roundworms: These are among the most common worms. Infection most often occurs from untreated mothers or contact with soil contaminated with the waste products of infected individuals. The danger of these parasites lies in their ability to grow to a fairly large size and accumulate in the stomach and intestines. Additionally, roundworm larvae can migrate through the body, causing lung damage and disruptions in heart function.
  • Tapeworms: These tapeworms settle in the lungs, digestive tract, and liver. Infection occurs through contact with infected individuals or consumption of contaminated food.
  • Nematodes: They localize in the intestines. The main mechanism of infection is through parasites (fleas) or rodents, as well as through the consumption of infected meat or fish.
  • Trematodes: They affect various internal organs and can lead to severe illnesses. Infection is caused by consuming contaminated river fish.
  • Whipworm: Can lead to gastrointestinal issues, and it’s essential to include whipworm prevention in their regular parasite control program.
  • Lungworm: Affects the respiratory system. Regular check-ups and appropriate lungworm prevention are vital for your pet’s well-being.
  • Ringworm: It is a fungal skin infection that can affect dogs. If you suspect ringworm in your pet, consult a veterinarian for diagnosis and treatment to prevent its spread to other animals or humans.

Symptoms of Worms in Dogs

Dog worm infestation can manifest with the following symptoms:

  • Abdominal bloating
  • Weight loss or unexplained thinness
  • Weakness and lethargy
  • Decreased appetite
  • Vomiting, constipation, or diarrhea, which may alternate
  • Deterioration in coat quality and off-season shedding
  • Allergic reactions
  • Unexplained coughing
  • Jaundice – noticeable yellowing of the eye whites.

It is worth noting that early detection of parasites poses challenges, as symptoms may be absent or non-specific.

Prevention and Treatment of Worms in Dogs

The treatment of parasites in dogs involves the administration of special antiparasitic drugs – deworming medications. Typically, such drugs are used regularly by all pet owners for preventive purposes. Deworming is mandatory:

  • before vaccinating puppies and adult dogs
  • every three months in cases of high risk of infection (such as outdoor walks, and consumption of raw meat).

In case of suspicion of helminthiasis, unscheduled therapy is necessary.

Selecting the treatment protocol for heartworms in dogs and methods of therapy for other types of worm infestations can be assisted by an experienced veterinarian. It is not advisable to self-medicate, as some types of such conditions require a special approach. For instance, if heartworms appear in a dog’s heart, treatment may include surgical intervention and the use of medications to support the cardiovascular system.

Residents of Tallinn can take advantage of the services of the professional clinic Haabersti Loomakliinik. We are a team of highly qualified veterinarians with extensive experience. We will help select the right treatment even in the most challenging situations. Among our advantages are:

  • Individual approach
  • The possibility of conducting tests “on-site” – thanks to our own laboratory
  • Use of modern certified medications
  • Competitive prices – the cost of our services is pleasantly affordable.

Dog owners should remember that prevention is the best method of fighting parasites. Specialists at the Haabersti Loomakliinik clinic in Tallinn will help develop the best scheme for preventing worm infestations in pets.