Haabersti Loomakliinik

Sterilization and castration of dogs and cats

To begin with, let’s understand the concepts of “castration” and ” sterilization”.

Sterilization is the ligation of the spermatic cords in males and the fallopian tubes in females. This procedure does not remove sexual desire in males and does not stop  the onset of heat in females. With this procedure, the dog or cat remains with all sexual instincts, desires and the possibility of mating. But, it cannot reproduce offspring. That is, females will have estrus, cats will fight for females and mark the territory, the male dogs will run away to weddings and “go crazy” at the smell of heifer bitches.

 Conclusion : 

  1. Sterilization does not solve behavioral problems of a cat or dog related to sexual desires (disadv. )
  2. Does not reduce the risk of diseases of the reproductive system (inflammation of the uterus, ovarian tumors, neoplasms of milk bags in females, in males – tumors and inflammation of the testes, prostatitis) ( disadv.)
  3. The only advantage is that animals do not gain excess weight ( although such can be fattened 

to excess weight)

Castration is the removal of reproductive organs. Surgery procedures, in males removal of testes, in females removal of uterus and ovaries (hysterovariectomy) or removal of ovaries only (hysterectomy). After such a procedure, females do not have estrus, males become less aggressive towards other males, cats do not go for a walk so far in search of a girlfriend for mating, do not mark the territory and do not yell to attract females.

Conclusion: Castration solves all behavioral problems related to sexual desires. There is no risk of diseases of the reproductive system (there will be no diseases of the uterus and ovaries in females, testes and prostate in males). Significantly reduces the risk of neoplasms of milk bags in females. And these are all advantages.  Also, the quality and density of wool improves in most animals. 

Disadvantage – a calm and measured life and a good appetite lead to weight gain.

Another possible disadvantage and side effect in bitches is urinary incontinence (which can be controlled with the help of specific drugs)

A lot of owners confuse these names and apply the concept of “castration” to males and “sterilization” to females. This has been the case for a long time and it is impossible to eradicate it from everyday life. When signing up for an operation, please specify what sex your animal is in order to avoid misunderstandings. 

In our clinic haabersti loomakliinik In Tallinn, we perform operations only for the removal of reproductive organs (Castration ) of males and females.

For sedation, our clinic uses multimodal anesthesia. This means that a minimum number of various drugs for anesthesia and sleep are used, which in total give minimal short-term sedation with good anesthesia. For example the operation to remove the testicles of a cat takes 7-15 minutes, the operation to remove the ovaries and uterus of a cat takes 15-20 minutes. The time required for surgical intervention depends on the size of the dog.

After the surgical intervention, patients remain in the clinic until they completely get out of anesthesia. After the animal is fully awake and ready to go home, the registrar contacts the owners, and the owners can come for their pet.

After surgery, our patients should NOT wear collars or blankets. All surgical sutures are subcutaneous and do not require additional protective measures. Also, each patient (except cats) is given medications for postoperative anesthesia to feel as comfortable as possible in the postsurgical period.

After the operation, we can always additionally carry out the necessary procedures while the animal is under anesthesia – for example chip installation, nail clipping, ear cleaning, tartar scaling, orthopedics, etc. – ask about all the possibilities in advance.

You can see the prices for the services in the price list below 

You can always ask your questions by email or via the clinic’s FB page.

Price list

Cat sterilization150.-
Castration of the cat100.-
Sterilization of the dog
10-15kg 225
25-30kg 300
Castration of dogs
5-10kg 250

So, looks like a cat stitch after an operation

Frequently asked questions

At what age can a cat be spayed?

Cats (females) become sexually mature when they reach a body weight of 2 kg. That is, a cat that weighs 2 + kg, regardless of its age, is considered sexually mature. The cat's heat depends on the length of the day, the more light, the faster the cat comes to "hunt". The cat's hunting period is from spring to fall, when there is the most daylight. Cats that live indoors have daylight at all times, since there is electric lighting. Thus, cats that live with people who have more than 14 hours of daylight a day - can come to "hunt" all year round, regardless of the time of year.

NB! There are two terms: spaying and castration. Sterilization involves manipulation to prevent fertilization, such as ligation of the seminal cords in males or ligation of the fallopian tubes in females. In castration, the internal sexual organs are removed (testes in males, ovaries +/- uterus in females). These 2 terms are very often confused and misused. Most often, pet owners use the term "castration" for males and "spaying" for females.

We perform castration (i.e. removal of internal sexual organs of both male and female).

We also perform early castration (spaying) - from 2 months of age.

Answer: The operation can be performed when the cat weighs 2 kg (or more).

Do animals need to be given an internal parasite medication before vaccination?

Adult animals should be given an antiparasitic before the annual vaccination if the owner does not use preventive deworming - that is, if he does not use internal worming medication 2 times a year, at least.

If preventive deworming is carried out systematically - then, before the annual vaccination it is not necessary to give a medication for internal parasites. Be sure to use the treatment before the first vaccination for puppies and kittens - as they are most likely to have worms.

Preventive deworming is a one-time use of an antiparasitic agent.

In the presence of worms - a treatment regimen is necessary, which depends on the type of worms, age of the animal and risk group in which the animal lives (e.g. kennel, shelter, multi-cat house, overnight stay, street housing, etc.). In this case, you need to consult a veterinarian.

Cats that live exclusively at home, preventive treatment against internal parasites is also necessary.

Cats that live only in doors, preventive treatment against internal parasites is also necessary.

Kittens and puppies should be treated at least once a quarter during their first year of life.

Answer: puppies and kittens BEFORE the first vaccination is mandatory, treatment of adult dogs and cats is carried out regardless of vaccination.

Is it necessary to vaccinate domestic cat?

Cats that live only in doors should also be vaccinated - because owners can bring the infection from the street on their shoes. For example, feline plague (or feline panleukopenia) is still common and frequent.

The most important thing is to properly vaccinate a young animal (kittens and puppies) early in its life. Vaccination of a young animal is carried out in 2-3 stages. The last vaccination should be given at over 16 weeks of age.

Further vaccination regimens depend on the lifestyle and risk group of the animal. Vaccination of domestic cats can be carried out every 2-3 years.

Answer: yes, it is.

How to understand if a cat is sick?

Cats are very secretive animals and are very good at disguising ailments. Cats very rarely show signs of acute pain - cats don't cry or scream. The most common sign of malaise is a change in the cat's behavior and a change in its normal daily routine. A cat that is not feeling well - refuses to eat, is lethargic, does not respond to owners, refuses to play or make contact, lies in a forced posture, not relaxed, etc. No one can see the slightest change in the cat's behavior better than the owner himself.

Answer: as soon as you notice that something has changed in the cat's behavior and daily routine.