Haabersti Loomakliinik

Diagnostics and treatment of feline infectious diseases

Diagnostics and treatment of feline infectious diseases

  1. FIP – FELINE INFECTIOUS PERITONITIS, FIP is not a death sentence anymore! We can treat this deadly virus with new groundbreaking antiviral drug. NO VACCINE
  2. FIV – FELINE IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS, this virus attacks the immune system, making the cat vulnerable to manu other infections. VACCINE AVAILABLE
  3. FeLV – FELINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS, this virus compromises cat’s immune system by infecting blood cells. VACCINE AVAILABLE
  4. FHP – FELINE HERPES VIRUS i.e cat flu, this highly contagious virus affecting upper respiratory area. VACCINE AVAILABLE
  5. FCV – FELINE CALICI VIRUS, this is another higly contagious virus that causes mild to severe upper respiratory infections and oral disease. (also cat flu cause) VACCINE AVAILABLE
  6. FPV – FELINE PANLEUKOPENIA VIRUS, i.e. feline distemper/parvo virus is a highly contagious and life-threatening disease. VACCINE AVAILABLE
  7. Worms in cats: symptoms and treatment
  8. Eye diseases in cats
  9. FVBD – FELINE VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES, transmitted by fleas and ticks:
    • Haemotropic mycoplasma
    • Anaplasmosis
    • Borreliosis
    • Bartonellosis (also zoonotic)
    • Chlamidophila felis
    • Mycoplasma felis
    • Roundworms
    • Tapeworms
    • Giardia (also zoonotic??)
    • Tritrichomonas foetus
  12. ZOONOTIC DISEASES i.e can be transmitted from cats to people:
    • Toxoplasmosis
    • Cat scratch disease (CSD) caused by Bartonella henselae

Our patients

Frequently asked questions

At what age can a cat be spayed?

Cats (females) become sexually mature when they reach a body weight of 2 kg. That is, a cat that weighs 2 + kg, regardless of its age, is considered sexually mature. The cat's heat depends on the length of the day, the more light, the faster the cat comes to "hunt". The cat's hunting period is from spring to fall, when there is the most daylight. Cats that live indoors have daylight at all times, since there is electric lighting. Thus, cats that live with people who have more than 14 hours of daylight a day - can come to "hunt" all year round, regardless of the time of year.

NB! There are two terms: spaying and castration. Sterilization involves manipulation to prevent fertilization, such as ligation of the seminal cords in males or ligation of the fallopian tubes in females. In castration, the internal sexual organs are removed (testes in males, ovaries +/- uterus in females). These 2 terms are very often confused and misused. Most often, pet owners use the term "castration" for males and "spaying" for females.

We perform castration (i.e. removal of internal sexual organs of both male and female).

We also perform early castration (spaying) - from 2 months of age.

Answer: The operation can be performed when the cat weighs 2 kg (or more).

Do animals need to be given an internal parasite medication before vaccination?

Adult animals should be given an antiparasitic before the annual vaccination if the owner does not use preventive deworming - that is, if he does not use internal worming medication 2 times a year, at least.

If preventive deworming is carried out systematically - then, before the annual vaccination it is not necessary to give a medication for internal parasites. Be sure to use the treatment before the first vaccination for puppies and kittens - as they are most likely to have worms.

Preventive deworming is a one-time use of an antiparasitic agent.

In the presence of worms - a treatment regimen is necessary, which depends on the type of worms, age of the animal and risk group in which the animal lives (e.g. kennel, shelter, multi-cat house, overnight stay, street housing, etc.). In this case, you need to consult a veterinarian.

Cats that live exclusively at home, preventive treatment against internal parasites is also necessary.

Cats that live only in doors, preventive treatment against internal parasites is also necessary.

Kittens and puppies should be treated at least once a quarter during their first year of life.

Answer: puppies and kittens BEFORE the first vaccination is mandatory, treatment of adult dogs and cats is carried out regardless of vaccination.

Is it necessary to vaccinate domestic cat?

Cats that live only in doors should also be vaccinated - because owners can bring the infection from the street on their shoes. For example, feline plague (or feline panleukopenia) is still common and frequent.

The most important thing is to properly vaccinate a young animal (kittens and puppies) early in its life. Vaccination of a young animal is carried out in 2-3 stages. The last vaccination should be given at over 16 weeks of age.

Further vaccination regimens depend on the lifestyle and risk group of the animal. Vaccination of domestic cats can be carried out every 2-3 years.

Answer: yes, it is.

How to understand if a cat is sick?

Cats are very secretive animals and are very good at disguising ailments. Cats very rarely show signs of acute pain - cats don't cry or scream. The most common sign of malaise is a change in the cat's behavior and a change in its normal daily routine. A cat that is not feeling well - refuses to eat, is lethargic, does not respond to owners, refuses to play or make contact, lies in a forced posture, not relaxed, etc. No one can see the slightest change in the cat's behavior better than the owner himself.

Answer: as soon as you notice that something has changed in the cat's behavior and daily routine.